Investigation of Dual Grade / Hybrid Steel Plate Girders Utilizing Stainless Steel

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General Information
Study Number: TPF-5(493)
Former Study Number:
Lead Organization: North Carolina Department of Transportation
Solicitation Number: 1548
Partners: DE, GADOT, LA, NC, NY, PADOT, TN
Status: Cleared by FHWA
Est. Completion Date:
Contract/Other Number:
Last Updated: Jul 01, 2024
Contract End Date:
Financial Summary
Contract Amount:
Suggested Contribution:
Total Commitments Received: $420,000.00
100% SP&R Approval: Approved
Contact Information
Lead Study Contact(s): Mustansir Kadibhai
makadibhai@ncdot.gov
Phone: 919 707 6667
FHWA Technical Liaison(s): Justin Ocel
justin.ocel@dot.gov
Phone: 202- 281-8213
Study Champion(s): Brian Hanks
bhanks@ncdot.gov
Phone: 919-707-6419
Organization Year Commitments Technical Contact Name Funding Contact Name
Delaware Department of Transportation 2022 $40,000.00 Kevin Lindell Charlanne Clymer
Delaware Department of Transportation 2023 $20,000.00 Kevin Lindell Charlanne Clymer
Georgia Department of Transportation 2022 $20,000.00 Peter Wu Brennan Roney
Georgia Department of Transportation 2023 $20,000.00 Peter Wu Brennan Roney
Georgia Department of Transportation 2024 $20,000.00 Peter Wu Brennan Roney
Louisiana Department of Transportation and Development 2021 $20,000.00 Kurt Brauner Tyson Rupnow
Louisiana Department of Transportation and Development 2022 $20,000.00 Kurt Brauner Tyson Rupnow
Louisiana Department of Transportation and Development 2023 $20,000.00 Kurt Brauner Tyson Rupnow
Louisiana Department of Transportation and Development 2024 $0.00 Kurt Brauner Tyson Rupnow
New York State Department of Transportation 2021 $0.00 Jeffery Ward Gail Carpenter
New York State Department of Transportation 2022 $40,000.00 Jeffery Ward Gail Carpenter
New York State Department of Transportation 2023 $20,000.00 Jeffery Ward Gail Carpenter
North Carolina Department of Transportation 2021 $0.00 Trey Carroll Mustansir Kadibhai
North Carolina Department of Transportation 2022 $20,000.00 Trey Carroll Mustansir Kadibhai
North Carolina Department of Transportation 2023 $20,000.00 Trey Carroll Mustansir Kadibhai
North Carolina Department of Transportation 2024 $20,000.00 Trey Carroll Mustansir Kadibhai
Pennsylvania Department of Transportation 2021 $20,000.00 Joshua Charnosky Evan Zeiders
Pennsylvania Department of Transportation 2022 $20,000.00 Joshua Charnosky Evan Zeiders
Pennsylvania Department of Transportation 2023 $20,000.00 Joshua Charnosky Evan Zeiders
Tennessee Department of Transportation 2021 $20,000.00 Rick Crawford Pawel Polaczyk
Tennessee Department of Transportation 2022 $20,000.00 Rick Crawford Pawel Polaczyk
Tennessee Department of Transportation 2023 $20,000.00 Rick Crawford Pawel Polaczyk

Study Description

The corrosion of steel bridges is an ongoing concern for bridge owners due to maintenance and replacement costs. Recently, there have been successful corrosion resistance tests performed on ASTM A709 Grade 50CR (stainless) steel in plate girder bridges. Before stainless steel’s adoption into ASTM A709 the steel was marketed under ASTM A1010 and has currently been used in 5 states (OR, CA, IA, PA, VA) and Canada. Utilizing stainless steel (Grade 50CR) for the portion of the steel girder near bridge deck joints and Grade 50, 50W, etc. for the remainder of the girder, provides a means to mitigate deterioration in areas exposed to run-off from failed deck joints. Targeting the use of Grade 50CR to portions of the bridge requires bolting or welding stainless steel to conventional steel. The dual grade plate girder created by connecting stainless steel to conventional steel provides a reduction in the life cycle maintenance costs and increases the service life of the steel plate girder bridge. However, the connection of the dual grade plates may be prone to galvanic corrosion or require fabrication processes that differ from conventional plate girder fabrication processes. To take advantage of the corrosion resistant cost savings of a dual grade girder, research is needed to address the galvanic corrosion and fabrication of the dual grade connection.

Objectives

The objective of this research is to examine the feasibility of connecting bridge-construction approved ASTM stainless steel (currently only Grade 50CR is approved) to conventional steel (Grade 36, 50, 50W, etc.) through welding or bolting and to develop guidelines to assist designers and fabricators when connecting stainless steel plates to conventional steel plates in the superstructure of highway bridges. The guidelines would be considered a supplemental document to the AASHTO LRFD Bridge Design Specifications and the AASHTO LRFD Bridge Construction Specifications.

Scope of Work

The proposed project is focused on the design details, fabrication, and performance of dual grade steel girders. The project’s work plan is divided into three main research tasks. Task 1 – Literature Review - 3 Months ($50,000) Conduct a current literature review of sources that have published mechanical and corrosion properties of stainless-steel plates connected to conventional steel plates. With a complete literature review, gaps in research can be identified to guide the Task 2 research effort of bolted and welded dual grade joints. Task 2 – Connection Testing & Verifying Design/Fabrication Details - 24 Months ($300,000) The Research Team proposes to the Technical Advisory Committee (TAC) of contributors a work plan for research to fill the gaps identified in Task 1. This will lead to mechanical property evaluation of complete joint penetration and fillet welds, along with bolted joints. Pending the findings from Task 1, the second task will include: Development of AASHTO/AWS D1.5 Bridge Welding Code Welding Procedure Specification(s) and a Procedure Qualification Record (PQR). Development of refined nondestructive evaluation procedures for dual grade welded joints. Assessment of dual grade welded joints to stress corrosion and galvanic corrosion Determining the appropriate grades of bolts to use in a dual grade joint to minimize or eliminate the effects of galvanic and pitting corrosion. Determining the appropriate grades of stainless bolts to use in dual grade joints that could achieve minimum installation pretension and the procedure to attain the minimum installation pretension. Determine if a dual grade bolted connection can attain slip-critical design loading. Phase 3 – Final Report & Guidelines - 6 Months ($50,000) Provide a final report that, at a minimum, provides: A summary of the literature review; Documented tests, test results, summaries, and conclusions from Task 2 activities; A cost analysis with recommendations to reduce dual grade girder connection costs; A cost analysis procedure tool for bridge designers; Guidelines covering the design details, fabrication, and installation of dual grade plate girders. The Research Team will also develop an educational program to instruct steel bridge fabricators on the proper procedures to weld conventional grade steel to stainless steels and qualified UT procedure meeting D1.5 requirements. Seeking 3 years @ $20,000 per year in funding.

Comments

SPR Part B Waiver has been approved. Research Need Sponsor: AASHTO T-14 Structural Steel Design Committee Seeking 3 years @ $20,000 per year in funding.

Subjects: Bridges, Other Structures, and Hydraulics and Hydrology

Documents Attached
Title File/Link Document Category Document Type Privacy Document Date Download
Investigation of Dual Grade / Hybrid Steel Plate Girders Utilizing Stainless Steel TPF-5-493_QuarterlyReport_June2024Q2.pdf Progress Report Quarterly Progress Report Public 2024-06-28
TPF-5(493) March 2024 Quarterly Report TPF-5-493_QuarterlyReport_March2024Q1_05-02-2024.pdf Progress Report Quarterly Progress Report Public 2024-05-02
Acceptance Leter TPF-5(493) Acceptance Letter - NCDOT.pdf Memorandum Other Public 2022-02-02
Documents Attached
Title File/Link Document Category Document Type Privacy Document Date Download
Approved Waiver Memo - Hybrid Plate Girder Approval of SPR Waiver Pooled Fund Solicitation#1548.pdf Memorandum Other Public 2020-11-23
Hybrid Plate Girder Summary Hybrid Plate Girder Research v4.1.pdf TPF Study Documentation Study Summary Public 2020-10-26

Investigation of Dual Grade / Hybrid Steel Plate Girders Utilizing Stainless Steel

General Information
Study Number: TPF-5(493)
Lead Organization: North Carolina Department of Transportation
Solicitation Number: 1548
Partners: DE, GADOT, LA, NC, NY, PADOT, TN
Status: Cleared by FHWA
Est. Completion Date:
Contract/Other Number:
Last Updated: Jul 01, 2024
Contract End Date:
Financial Summary
Contract Amount:
Total Commitments Received: $420,000.00
100% SP&R Approval:
Contact Information
Lead Study Contact(s): Mustansir Kadibhai
makadibhai@ncdot.gov
Phone: 919 707 6667
FHWA Technical Liaison(s): Justin Ocel
justin.ocel@dot.gov
Phone: 202- 281-8213
Commitments by Organizations
Organization Year Commitments Technical Contact Name Funding Contact Name Contact Number Email Address
Delaware Department of Transportation 2022 $40,000.00 Kevin Lindell Charlanne Clymer (302) 760-2704 charlanne.clymer@delaware.gov
Delaware Department of Transportation 2023 $20,000.00 Kevin Lindell Charlanne Clymer (302) 760-2704 charlanne.clymer@delaware.gov
Georgia Department of Transportation 2022 $20,000.00 Peter Wu Brennan Roney 404-347-0595 broney@dot.ga.gov
Georgia Department of Transportation 2023 $20,000.00 Peter Wu Brennan Roney 404-347-0595 broney@dot.ga.gov
Georgia Department of Transportation 2024 $20,000.00 Peter Wu Brennan Roney 404-347-0595 broney@dot.ga.gov
Louisiana Department of Transportation and Development 2021 $20,000.00 Kurt Brauner Tyson Rupnow tyson.rupnow@la.gov
Louisiana Department of Transportation and Development 2022 $20,000.00 Kurt Brauner Tyson Rupnow tyson.rupnow@la.gov
Louisiana Department of Transportation and Development 2023 $20,000.00 Kurt Brauner Tyson Rupnow tyson.rupnow@la.gov
Louisiana Department of Transportation and Development 2024 $0.00 Kurt Brauner Tyson Rupnow tyson.rupnow@la.gov
New York State Department of Transportation 2021 $0.00 Jeffery Ward Gail Carpenter 518-457-8083 Gail.Carpenter@dot.ny.gov
New York State Department of Transportation 2022 $40,000.00 Jeffery Ward Gail Carpenter 518-457-8083 Gail.Carpenter@dot.ny.gov
New York State Department of Transportation 2023 $20,000.00 Jeffery Ward Gail Carpenter 518-457-8083 Gail.Carpenter@dot.ny.gov
North Carolina Department of Transportation 2021 $0.00 Trey Carroll Mustansir Kadibhai 919 707 6667 makadibhai@ncdot.gov
North Carolina Department of Transportation 2022 $20,000.00 Trey Carroll Mustansir Kadibhai 919 707 6667 makadibhai@ncdot.gov
North Carolina Department of Transportation 2023 $20,000.00 Trey Carroll Mustansir Kadibhai 919 707 6667 makadibhai@ncdot.gov
North Carolina Department of Transportation 2024 $20,000.00 Trey Carroll Mustansir Kadibhai 919 707 6667 makadibhai@ncdot.gov
Pennsylvania Department of Transportation 2021 $20,000.00 Joshua Charnosky Evan Zeiders 717-787-8460 evzeiders@pa.gov
Pennsylvania Department of Transportation 2022 $20,000.00 Joshua Charnosky Evan Zeiders 717-787-8460 evzeiders@pa.gov
Pennsylvania Department of Transportation 2023 $20,000.00 Joshua Charnosky Evan Zeiders 717-787-8460 evzeiders@pa.gov
Tennessee Department of Transportation 2021 $20,000.00 Rick Crawford Pawel Polaczyk 615-741-3439 Pawel.Polaczyk@tn.gov
Tennessee Department of Transportation 2022 $20,000.00 Rick Crawford Pawel Polaczyk 615-741-3439 Pawel.Polaczyk@tn.gov
Tennessee Department of Transportation 2023 $20,000.00 Rick Crawford Pawel Polaczyk 615-741-3439 Pawel.Polaczyk@tn.gov

Study Description

Study Description

The corrosion of steel bridges is an ongoing concern for bridge owners due to maintenance and replacement costs. Recently, there have been successful corrosion resistance tests performed on ASTM A709 Grade 50CR (stainless) steel in plate girder bridges. Before stainless steel’s adoption into ASTM A709 the steel was marketed under ASTM A1010 and has currently been used in 5 states (OR, CA, IA, PA, VA) and Canada. Utilizing stainless steel (Grade 50CR) for the portion of the steel girder near bridge deck joints and Grade 50, 50W, etc. for the remainder of the girder, provides a means to mitigate deterioration in areas exposed to run-off from failed deck joints. Targeting the use of Grade 50CR to portions of the bridge requires bolting or welding stainless steel to conventional steel. The dual grade plate girder created by connecting stainless steel to conventional steel provides a reduction in the life cycle maintenance costs and increases the service life of the steel plate girder bridge. However, the connection of the dual grade plates may be prone to galvanic corrosion or require fabrication processes that differ from conventional plate girder fabrication processes. To take advantage of the corrosion resistant cost savings of a dual grade girder, research is needed to address the galvanic corrosion and fabrication of the dual grade connection.

Objectives

The objective of this research is to examine the feasibility of connecting bridge-construction approved ASTM stainless steel (currently only Grade 50CR is approved) to conventional steel (Grade 36, 50, 50W, etc.) through welding or bolting and to develop guidelines to assist designers and fabricators when connecting stainless steel plates to conventional steel plates in the superstructure of highway bridges. The guidelines would be considered a supplemental document to the AASHTO LRFD Bridge Design Specifications and the AASHTO LRFD Bridge Construction Specifications.

Scope of Work

The proposed project is focused on the design details, fabrication, and performance of dual grade steel girders. The project’s work plan is divided into three main research tasks. Task 1 – Literature Review - 3 Months ($50,000) Conduct a current literature review of sources that have published mechanical and corrosion properties of stainless-steel plates connected to conventional steel plates. With a complete literature review, gaps in research can be identified to guide the Task 2 research effort of bolted and welded dual grade joints. Task 2 – Connection Testing & Verifying Design/Fabrication Details - 24 Months ($300,000) The Research Team proposes to the Technical Advisory Committee (TAC) of contributors a work plan for research to fill the gaps identified in Task 1. This will lead to mechanical property evaluation of complete joint penetration and fillet welds, along with bolted joints. Pending the findings from Task 1, the second task will include: Development of AASHTO/AWS D1.5 Bridge Welding Code Welding Procedure Specification(s) and a Procedure Qualification Record (PQR). Development of refined nondestructive evaluation procedures for dual grade welded joints. Assessment of dual grade welded joints to stress corrosion and galvanic corrosion Determining the appropriate grades of bolts to use in a dual grade joint to minimize or eliminate the effects of galvanic and pitting corrosion. Determining the appropriate grades of stainless bolts to use in dual grade joints that could achieve minimum installation pretension and the procedure to attain the minimum installation pretension. Determine if a dual grade bolted connection can attain slip-critical design loading. Phase 3 – Final Report & Guidelines - 6 Months ($50,000) Provide a final report that, at a minimum, provides: A summary of the literature review; Documented tests, test results, summaries, and conclusions from Task 2 activities; A cost analysis with recommendations to reduce dual grade girder connection costs; A cost analysis procedure tool for bridge designers; Guidelines covering the design details, fabrication, and installation of dual grade plate girders. The Research Team will also develop an educational program to instruct steel bridge fabricators on the proper procedures to weld conventional grade steel to stainless steels and qualified UT procedure meeting D1.5 requirements. Seeking 3 years @ $20,000 per year in funding.

Comments

SPR Part B Waiver has been approved. Research Need Sponsor: AASHTO T-14 Structural Steel Design Committee Seeking 3 years @ $20,000 per year in funding.

Subjects: Bridges, Other Structures, and Hydraulics and Hydrology

Title File/Link Type Private
Investigation of Dual Grade / Hybrid Steel Plate Girders Utilizing Stainless Steel TPF-5-493_QuarterlyReport_June2024Q2.pdf Progress Report Public
TPF-5(493) March 2024 Quarterly Report TPF-5-493_QuarterlyReport_March2024Q1_05-02-2024.pdf Progress Report Public
Acceptance Leter TPF-5(493) Acceptance Letter - NCDOT.pdf Memorandum Public
Title File/Link Type Private
Approved Waiver Memo - Hybrid Plate Girder Approval of SPR Waiver Pooled Fund Solicitation#1548.pdf Memorandum Public
Hybrid Plate Girder Summary Hybrid Plate Girder Research v4.1.pdf TPF Study Documentation Public

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